By Michael P. Croissant
Of the entire violent disputes that experience flared around the former Soviet Union because the overdue Eighties, the Armenia-Azerbaijan clash is the one one to pose a real chance to peace and defense all through Eurasia. via correct of its strategic situation and oil assets, the Transcaucasus has been and may stay a resource of curiosity for exterior powers competing to develop their geopolitical impression within the zone. below such stipulations, the prospect will stay for the Armenia-Azerbaijan clash to reignite and extend to incorporate different powers.
The ten-year clash among Armenia and Azerbaijan has been one of many bloodiest and so much intractable disputes to emerge from the breakup of the Soviet Union. Animosity that built among the Armenians and Azeris below czarist Russian rule used to be fueled through the increase of a dispute over Nagorno-Karabakh, a mountainous zone for which either peoples consider an excessive nationalistic affinity. The attachment of the sector to Azerbaijan by means of Stalin in 1923 grew to become a resource of deep resentment for the Armenians, and through the guideline of Gorbachev, a crusade used to be started to accomplish the peaceable unification of Armenia and Karabakh. Azerbaijan resisted the stream as a chance to its territorial integrity, and clashes that broke out quickly escalated right into a full-scale struggle that outlived the USSR itself.
Although a cease-fire has been saw on account that may possibly, 1994, a relaxed cost to the clash has been elusive. in the meantime, via correct of either the strategic situation and assets and the original safety features of the Transcaucasus, significant exterior powers―Russia, Turkey, and Iran―have sought to steer the dispute in keeping with their geopolitical pursuits. With the expansion of curiosity within the oil riches of the Caspian Sea and the expanding engagement of Western international locations, together with the USA, the dangers and implications of renewed violence among Armenia and Azerbaijan will develop. This significant examine should be of curiosity to scholars, students, and policymakers concerned with diplomacy, army affairs, and the Transcaucasus.