A Moment of Equality for Latin America?: Challenges for by Barbara Fritz,Lena Lavinas

By Barbara Fritz,Lena Lavinas

not like different areas world wide, a number of Latin American nations have controlled to minimize source of revenue inequality over the past decade. better development charges and growing to be employment, but additionally cutting edge salary guidelines and social courses, have contributed to decreasing poverty and slim source of revenue disparities. but, regardless of this development, geographical regions within the zone display little capability to considerably swap their styles of deeply rooted inequalities. concentrating on the bounds and demanding situations of redistributive guidelines in Latin the US, this quantity synthesizes and updates the dialogue of inequality within the quarter, introducing the point of view of worldwide and transnational interdependencies. The publication explores the level to which redistributive guidelines were interlinked with the availability and caliber of public items in addition to with structural alterations of the effective quarter. encouraged by way of structuralist and neostructuralist considering Latin American economists, comparable to Raúl Prebisch and Celso Furtado, authors query the redistributive influence of the interaction of contemporary macroeconomic, financial and social guidelines, fairly below left and center-left administrations dedicated to bigger equality. Bringing jointly specialists in social, financial and macroeconomic guidelines to enquire the interdependent and international personality of inequalities, this booklet will attract students of sociology, economics, improvement and politics with pursuits in Latin the US, inequality and public policy.

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Zur Konstruktion einer Region: Die Entstehung der by Leena-Kaarina Williams

By Leena-Kaarina Williams

Die Ostseekooperation steht nach der EU-Erweiterung um Polen, Estland, Lettland und Litauen 2004 heute vor einer Neuorientierung im veränderten europäischen und internationalen Kontext. In ihren Entstehungsjahren zwischen 1988 und 1992 wurde sie durch leading edge Konzepte zum »region-building« geprägt, wie sie vor allem durch die politischen Akteure um den damaligen schleswig-holsteinischen Ministerpräsidenten Björn Engholm sowie einer Gruppe nordischer Politiker und Friedensforscher entwickelt wurden. Im Zeichen der Friedenspolitik strebte guy die Bildung einer »postmodern-reformerischen« zone der Netzwerke und informeller Diskussions- und Kontaktforen an. Von deutschen innen- und somit auch parteipolitischen Erwägungen beeinflusst, setzten die damaligen Außenminister Genscher (D) und Ellemann-Jensen (DK) 1992 jedoch den zwischenstaatlich agierenden Ostseerat als zentrales Ostsee-Gremium ein, was once dem regionalen Kooperationsspektrum eine neue, aber eher traditionell und hierarchisch geprägte establishment hinzufügte.
Das Buch rekapituliert und analysiert die Entstehung der Ostseekooperation zwischen 1988 und 1992 von den ersten Konzepten bis hin zur Institutionalisierung im Sinne einer Fallstudie über einen vielschichtigen und weiterhin durchaus aktuellen »region-building«-Prozess.

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The Dynamics of Regional Growth in Europe: Social and by Andrés Rodríguez-Pose

By Andrés Rodríguez-Pose

This booklet seems to be on the evolution of neighborhood disparities in Europe in a interval of profound social and financial swap. It represents an intensive research of the way neighborhood social, political, and institutional settings relate to local financial functionality and highlights the patience of territorial disparities in Europe.

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Political Elites and Decentralization Reforms in the by Alexander Kleibrink

By Alexander Kleibrink

around the globe, extra powers are being devolved to neighborhood and neighborhood degrees of presidency. This booklet presents an leading edge research of such decentralisation in transition states within the Balkans. utilizing new and wealthy info, it indicates how political elites use decentralisation strategically to make sure their entry to country resources.

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Public Power, Private Dams: The Hells Canyon High Dam by Karl Boyd Brooks,William Cronon

By Karl Boyd Brooks,William Cronon

In the years following global conflict II, the world�s largest dam used to be nearly in-built Hells Canyon at the Snake River in Idaho. Karl Boyd Brooks tells the tale of the dam controversy, which grew to become a referendum not just on public-power enlargement but in addition at the environmental implications of the recent Deal�s average assets and monetary policy.

Private-power critics of the Hells Canyon excessive Dam posed tricky questions about the results of damming rivers to create strength and to develop plants. Activists, lawyers, and scientists pioneered felony strategies and political rhetoric that might support to outline the environmental move within the Nineteen Sixties. the controversy, even if, was once much less approximately endangered salmon or threatened wild kingdom and extra approximately who could regulate land and water and even if country firm or inner most capital might oversee the availability of electricity.

By thwarting the dam�s development, Snake Basin irrigators retained keep watch over over water in addition to financial and political energy in Idaho, placing the nation on a postwar direction that diverged markedly from that of bordering states. after all, the competitors of the dam have been accountable for protecting excessive deserts and mountain rivers from radical change.

With Public energy, deepest Dams, Karl Brooks makes a huge contribution not just to the historical past of the Pacific Northwest and the region�s anadromous fisheries but additionally to the environmental heritage of the USA within the interval after international conflict II.

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The Community Land Trust Reader by John Davis

By John Davis

The group land belief is an cutting edge kind of tenure that mixes universal possession of land with person possession of any structures which are positioned upon that land. It first seemed within the usa 40 years in the past. An outgrowth of the southern Civil Rights stream, the neighborhood land belief (CLT) was once conceived initially as a mechanism for African-American farmers to achieve entry to agricultural land. It quickly stumbled on many different makes use of, together with reasonable housing and local revitalization. It quickly unfold to city, suburban, and rural groups through the state. There at the moment are over 2 hundred CLTs in forty four states and the District of Columbia. they're showing in different international locations besides, with CLTs being constructed in Canada, England, Scotland, and Australia.

The group Land belief Reader brings jointly for the 1st time the seminal texts that encouraged and outlined the CLT. decisions hint the highbrow origins of an eclectic version of tenure that used to be formed through the social theories of Henry George, Ebenezer Howard, Ralph Borsodi, and Arthur Morgan and via social experiments just like the backyard towns of britain and the Gramdan villages of India. The Reader doesn't glance in basic terms to the prior, despite the fact that. lots of its forty six essays and excerpts research modern purposes of the CLT in selling homeownership, spurring group improvement, conserving public funding, and taking pictures land earnings for the typical strong. The Reader additionally seems forward to demanding situations and possibilities prone to impact the long run improvement of CLTs, right here and in another country.

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Planning Ideas That Matter: Livability, Territoriality, by Bishwapriya Sanyal,Lawrence J. Vale,Christina D. Rosan

By Bishwapriya Sanyal,Lawrence J. Vale,Christina D. Rosan

Over the prior hundred years of urbanization and suburbanization, 4 key issues have formed city and neighborhood making plans in either conception and perform: livability, territoriality, governance, and reflective expert perform. Planning rules That Matter charts the trajectories of those strong making plans rules in an more and more interconnected global. The individuals, best theorists and practitioners, talk about livability when it comes to such concerns as city density, land use, and the connection among the equipped surroundings and traditional platforms; research degrees of territorial association, drawing on literature on regionalism, metropolitanism, and territorial festival; describe the methods making plans connects to coverage making and implementation in quite a few political contexts; and examine how planners conceive in their paintings and examine from perform. all through, the emphasis is on how contributors and associations -- together with govt, company, specialist firms, and universities--have framed making plans difficulties and ideas. the point of interest is much less on thoughts and courses than at the underlying thoughts that experience lively specialist discourse through the years. The booklet is suggested for lecture room use, as a reference for students and practitioners, and as a heritage of making plans for these drawn to the advance of the field.

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Hub Cities in the Knowledge Economy: Seaports, Airports, by Sven Conventz,Dr Derudder Ben,Mr Thierstein Alain,Mr Witlox

By Sven Conventz,Dr Derudder Ben,Mr Thierstein Alain,Mr Witlox Frank,Mr Conventz Sven

The overarching study subject addressed during this e-book is the advanced and multifaceted interplay among infrastructural accessibility/connectivity of city-regions at the one hand and data new release in those city-regions nevertheless. To this finish, the booklet brings jointly chapters analysing how infrastructural accessibility is said to altering styles of commercial situation of knowledge-intensive industries in city-regions. The chapters during this ebook particularly reside on fresh manifestations of and advancements within the accessibility/knowledge-nexus, with a selected metageographical concentrate on how this materializes in significant city-regions.

In the various chapters, this transferring relation is broached from diverse views (seaports, airports, brainports), at varied scales (ranging from global-scale analyses to case studies), and through adopting quite a few methodologies (straddling the wide range of methodological ways at the moment followed in human geography research). Researchers contributing to this edited quantity come from various scholarly backgrounds (sociology, human geography, neighborhood planning), which permits for a diverse treatise of this learn topic.

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"Make it a People's Integration!": The Role of Organized by Mariel Reiss

By Mariel Reiss

This contribution analyzes the position of geared up civil society actors from Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda in the regionalization strategies of the East African neighborhood (EAC). 3 examine questions are built as a way to inquire the effect of civil society actors at the nearby point in jap Africa. as a rule development on assumptions from the hot regionalism techniques, this contribution introduces a theoretically guided framework for studying the function of equipped civil society actors inside of neighborhood schemes, reminiscent of the EAC. in accordance with triangulation throughout info assets, together with such a lot significantly 38 semi-structured specialist interviews, the examine inquires the conception of civil society actors at the regionalization techniques of the EAC, what their function inside of those tactics should still and will be, and if or how they foster a extra people-centered local integration technique. The examine concludes that civil society actors' involvement in regards to policy-making strategies of the EAC is marginal up to now. however, civil society actors are considerably interconnected at the local point and with the EAC and obviously aspire a extra people-centered integration project.

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Creating Better Cities with Children and Youth: A Manual for by David Driskell

By David Driskell

developing larger towns with youngsters and formative years is a pragmatic handbook on easy methods to conceptualize, constitution and facilitate the participation of youngsters locally improvement strategy. it truly is an enormous instrument for city planners, municipal officers, group improvement employees, non-governmental businesses, educators, youth-serving companies, adolescence advocates, and others who're concerned with the neighborhood improvement approach. It deals proposal to all who think within the worth of group schooling and empowerment as a basic construction block of a colourful and resilient civil society, and people who suppose problem for children and the standard in their lives.

The manual's middle rules and techniques were field-tested in quite a lot of city settings in either constructing and industrialized towns in the course of the paintings of the UNESCO starting to be Up in towns venture. Case stories from venture websites aid to illustrate the equipment in motion and exhibit how they are often personalized to fulfill neighborhood wishes. they supply classes and insights to aid make sure a winning undertaking, and spotlight the common applicability and cost of younger people's participation.

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